A country which left a mark in the history and has positively influenced the world in many ways is Persia or the modern Iran. Persians put a lot of emphasis and take pride in their heritage and civilization. As one takes a stroll across the length and breadth of the city (Persia), the detailed carvings replicating a society on the walls of monumental cannot be ignored.
Iranians are very fond of weaving. A flourishing textile industry, which has evolved over a period of time, has been synonym to the carpet weaving industry in Persia. The ageless impression left by the Persian carpets or rugs by Persian carpet weavers is truly exceptional which has attracted the world towards it.
Persian rugs have travelled through time and space. From accompanying the ancient nomadic tribesmen to the modern westerners, these rugs offered warmth, beauty and galore to every household or interior they made an entry into. Nowadays, one can easily choose from a plethora of Persian rugs available in the market. These include – Abadeh, Farahan, Mahalat, Yomut, Sarukh, Maku, Ahar, Sha Savan, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Tehran, and many others.
How to differentiate between Persian rug designs?
The more you study the design layout of a Persian rug, you may become familiar with concepts like medallion, all-over, or just one-sided layout.
Every design or Persian rug ‘motif’ is quite intricate and meaningful in nature. The soul and psyche of Persian rug weavers have usually centred around a divine force, or a simple poetry, or it has been just about a wine and song. Eventually, the designs found or carved in the wool or cotton is nothing but a depiction of the society (of that era) and the thoughts prevailing in the minds of the weaver. The craftsmanship has been and remained so vast and artistic in nature that it still has a very high demand in the market garnering huge investment from foreign investors. The artwork displayed in the Persian carpets, have quite well depicted the societal and political interventions during each era. Obviously with time though, the grandeur of the craftsmanship has taken into account the modern societal trends and concept.
When it comes to the discovery of the primitive Persian rugs, researchers and historians date it back to the 5th century B.C. The discovery of ‘Pazyryk Carpet’ in 1920s is still considered a treasure by historians and also an inspiration for new and modern Persian carpet weavers. During the reign of Alexander, the Great, the prominence of Persian carpet and its demand had increased. Even after the demise of Alexander, the exuberance of Persian rugs is quite far from getting dissolved or dissipated in thin air. It has not lost its charm, even after testing times and wars across nations.
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